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Fifty years ago – when Kenya made it to the semi-finals of Barcelona World Cup


by Dil Bahra



Kenya’s Captain Avtar Singh Sohal leading his team at the opening ceremony of the first World Cup
in Barcelona in 1971. Photo: Avtar Singh Sohal collection.

The idea of holding a Hockey World Cup had come from India and Pakistan, then the two dominant nations in international hockey, in early 1969.



At the council meeting of International Hockey Federation (F.I.H.) in Brussels on 11/12 April 1970, Pakistan was confirmed as hosts for a 10-team tournament to be held in Lahore in February 1971.

The four top finishers in the inaugural European Cup would be joined by the top three from the 1970 Asian Games. Kenya and Argentina were selected on recent results to represent their respective continents, while Australia and New Zealand contested the one spot for Oceania.

The ten teams in the World Cup were divided into two pools of five as follows:

Pool A

Pool B

Europe 1st – WEST GERMANY

Europe 2nd - HOLLAND

Europe 4th - FRANCE

Europe 3rd - SPAIN

Asia 2nd - INDIA

Asia 1st - PAKISTAN

Africa 1st - KENYA

Australasia 1st -  AUSTRALIA

America 1st - ARGENTINA

Asia 3rd - JAPAN


The 1st World Cup was originally scheduled to be played in Lahore, Pakistan. Photo: Dil Bahra / Sikhs in Hockey

According to the Tournament Rules, each team would play the others in their pool (on a league basis) and the nations finishing in the first place would compete against that finishing second in the opposite pool in the semi-finals.

F. I. H. agreed to implement the experimental rule of substitution of players as follows:
a. replacement of the goalkeeper may be made at any time;
b. replacement of one field player may be made within the first 50 minutes of a game;
c. a player may be replaced for any reason (though naturally once he has left the field, he may not return);
d. no suspended player may be replaced.
                                                  
The number of players will be limited to 16 plus one official (and one umpire if selected by the F.I.H.).

Selected countries must ratify their agreement to participate by November 30th, 1970, by notifying the host country and the F.I.H.

The first Hockey World Cup on grass, which was to have taken place in Lahore in February 1971, was postponed because of fears that the competition would take place in "an atmosphere of violence". The postponement came little more than a fortnight before it was due to begin.

It was eventually held at the Royal Polo Club in Barcelona, Spain in October 1971.

The Kenya Squad (in shirt number order), which was selected shortly after the team won the East and Central African Championship held in Lusaka, Zambia, in August 1971, was:

1

Amarjeet Singh Marwa (G/K)

Rangers Hockey Club Nakuru

2

Surjeet Singh Panesar

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

3

Avtar Singh Sohal (captain)

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

4

Santokh Singh Matharu

Railway Gymkhana Club Nairobi

5

Surjit Singh Rihal

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

6

Resham Singh Bains

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

7

Leo Fernandes

Goan Institute Nairobi

8

Jagjit Singh Kular

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

9

Davinder Singh Deegan

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

10

Ravinder Singh Laly

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

11

Tarlochan Singh Channa

Sikh Union Club Nairobi

12

Shabir Bhatti (G/K)

Railway Gymkhana Club Nairobi

13

Jagmel Singh Rooprai

Railway Gymkhana Club Nairobi

14

Harvinder Singh Marwa

Rangers Hockey Club Nakuru

15

Saggia Hezron

Wanainchi Hockey Club Nairobi

16

Brajinder Daved

Railway Gymkhana Club Nairobi

 The team departed Nairobi for Barcelona on 2nd October 1971 and stopped over in Athens, Greece for one day.      

The next stopover was Rome, Italy where Kenya played one match against Italy on 6 October 1971. President of Italian Hockey Commission, Mr Antoni Triglia and India’s Olympian, Inder Singh, who emigrated to Italy after Mexico City 1968 Olympic Games, met the teams before the start of the match.        
 


President of Italian Hockey Commission, Mr Antoni Triglia being introduced to the Kenya team by Team Coach Hardev Singh before the start of the Italy v Kenya match. Extreme left is Indian Olympian Inder Singh. Photo: Surjit Singh Rihal Collection    
                
Kenya started their tour a little disappointingly, managing only a 2 – 2 draw. Avtar Singh Sohal, the captain, twice gave Kenya the lead at penalty corners but each time ‘Kiki’ Aramu equalised.

The visit to Rome brought happy memories to two of Kenya’s players. Avtar Sohal, recalls “For Surjeet Junior and me, this is where we played our first Olympic in 1960. The following day the team visited the Olympic Velodrome which was a great inspiration for the younger members of our team before the World Cup”


After the match some Kenya players met the world famous Italian American Soprano Anna Moffo, called “the beautiful” (third from left) who was invited to the match as a guest by Antonio Trigia. Photo: Dil Bahra / Sikhs in Hockey.


Kenya then moved on to Amsterdam where they beat Holland, Europe’s No 2 Nation, 2 – 1, with Ravinder Singh Laly scoring both the Kenya goals. It was a good match marred by an eye injury to van Staveren which put the Dutch captain out of the World Cup.  
                      
The team reached Barcelona on Sunday 10th October 1971.
 
Surjit Rihal recalls “I felt like as if l was back at Lyallpur Khalsa College Jalandhar after the holidays when l met the Indian Team at the hotel. A few of them were my classmates at the college about two years ago, with some of them l had played for Punjab University and Combined Universities and with most of the rest l had played at the Indian National Training Camp at Jalandhar.”
              
He added “Here in Barcelona our teams went for training at different times and l used to meet my friends from India at dinner times to talk about college friends and chat about the college days.”

The team practiced on the pitches at the grounds of the Pablo Negre summer house in Can Salvi, just outside Barcelona, which had three purpose built hockey pitches. They lost 1 – 0 to the Spanish team in a friendly match before the tournament started.

Day 1 – Friday 15 October 1971.

Kenya was drawn in Group ‘A’ together with Argentina; France; India and West Germany.

The very first World Cup match began at 10 in the morning of Friday, October 15. Europe’s No 1 team, West Germany, beat America’s No 1 team, Argentina, 5 - 1.  

India defeated France 1 – 0, Harmik Singh scoring the only goal of the match from a penalty corner in the 43rd minute, in the other match of Pool A.

In Pool B, Spain defeated Japan 2 – 0 and Pakistan defeated Australia 5 – 2.

Four matches were played each day. Kenya and Holland had a rest day.

Day 2 – Saturday 16 October 1971.

Kenya’s first match of the World Cup was the first game of the day starting at 9 in the morning against France, who had lost to India the day before.

Kenya and France had played four matches previously, Kenya winning one, drawing one and losing twice. Kenya had lost their last encounter against France 1 – 2 at the 8 Nations Tournament in Lahore, Pakistan in March 1969.  

France started very strongly, spearheaded by their brilliant inside-left Georges Grain, upsetting the Kenya pattern of play with fierce hard thrusts and determined re-tackling. France took the lead in the 27th minute through a well struck George Grain goal to give his team a 1 – 0 half time lead.

Kenya started well in the second half and made several attacks on the French goal. But the French lived up to their reputation of having the finest defence in Europe and kept out the Kenyans.

In between the second and third match of the day, the opening ceremony was held.

The last match of the day, at 1535 hrs was India v Argentina. India won with a goal by centre forward Rajwinder Singh in the 54th minute.

In Pool B matches, Spain and Holland drew 0 – 0 and Pakistan defeated Japan 1 – 0.

Day 3 – Sunday 17 October 1971.

West Germany beat France 4 – 0 in the first match of the day.  

Kenya’s second match was against India. India had played and won both their previous matches and a win for them in this match would qualify them for a semi-final place.

Kenya and India had played twenty eight times before, both at home and away since their first match in Nairobi in January 1948. Kenya’s captain, Avtar Singh Sohal, had recorded more wins against India than any other country. This included India’s heaviest defeat at home in 1964 when Kenya defeated India 3 – 0 in Jabalpur. Both teams played a similar style of attacking hockey and knew each other well.

Surjit Rihal recalls “During the warm up before the game, seeing the Indian team in the other half of the ground, reminded me of the times in India playing with and against them. Just before the start of the game when we were waiting for the whistle, many thoughts came to my mind. At Lyallpur Khalsa College, l used to play Left Half along with Ajitpal as Centre Half and Captain, l was the College Captain in the final year. Now we were both playing Centre Half against each other. This was the first time for me to play against the Indian National Team in an International Tournament. I felt proud to see that my classmate, Ajitpal was now the Captain of the Indian Team. I was also facing my other College and University team mates from India. I had learnt the Indian way of scooping the moving ball from Ajitpal and l used it successfully against India in this match. We had a very competitive game but lost 0-2 late in the match.”

The India v Kenya match, at 12.45 pm was a good match with both teams playing attacking hockey. India, however, scored two goals in the last five minutes of the match. Kulwant Singh gave India the lead in the 65th minute when he followed a rebound from Kenyan goalkeeper, Amarjeet’s pads with a first time shot. A minute from the end, Vinood Kumar clinched the Indian win with a hard shot from a penalty corner hit.

Teams:

Kenya: Amarjeet Marwa, Surjeet Panesar, Avtar Sohal (capt), Santokh Matharu, Surjit Rihal, Resham Bains, Leo Fernandes, Jagjit Kular (Harvinder Marwa), Davinder Deegan, Ravinder Laly, Tarlochan Channa.

India: C Pereira, Vinod Kumar, Michael Kindo (Vece Paes), P Krishnamurthy, Ajitpal Singh (capt), Harmik Singh, M P Ganesh, Ashok Kumar, Rajwinder Singh, Kulwant Singh, Shahid Noor.

At the end of day 3, by defeating Kenya 2 – 0, India, coached by Balbir Singh Senior, qualified for semi-finals, with six points from three matches with a game to spare. Kenya remained without a win after two matches with only two pool matches remaining.

In Pool B, Pakistan and Holland drew 3 – 3 and Australia drew 1 – 1 with Japan.

Davinder Deegan recalls “after the loss to India, Hardial Singh Kular, (the coach of the Kenya team at Tokyo 1964 and Mexico 1968 Olympic Games) invited the team to his hotel. He used all his experiences to motivate us and had encouraging words with us to prepare for the next two games”.

Surjit Rihal recalls “The Indian Team was very happy with the performance of their team but our team was a bit depressed after losing the two opening matches. On the other table, our friends from West Germany, were telling us ‘Kenya go home, Kenya go home, you have no chance to progress’. The only way we would have a chance was if we win the next two games and West Germany lose their two remaining games. Our reply to them was ‘we have not lost to you as yet and we are going to win against you tomorrow’. Their words inspired us and made us more determined to play strong against them the next day”.

Brajinder Daved recalls “I remember distinctly the German team taunting us that the tournament was over for us and we ought to go home as we were playing Germany the next day”.

Avtar Sohal recalls “after the loss to India, during dinner time, everybody in our team were in pin-drop silence state and looked demoralised because next to our long dinner table were the Germany players were having their meals and were in very jovial and sarcastic mood cheering themselves with wine, indicating that they were going to thrash us in tomorrow's game. I requested our team to stay behind after the dinner and said good night to the officials. I took the team to the beach for a stroll to motivate them for the morning’s game against Germany. We discussed and planned our strategy and brought confidence in the team and they were in high spirits promised to go for the kill”.

Three Matches, in Three consecutive days with Three wins and a place into the semi-finals

Day 4 – Monday 18 October 1971.

Kenya, without a win, then played West Germany, Europe’s No 1 team and Olympic semi-finalists, who were one of the favourites to win the World Cup.

Kenya and West Germany had played against each other on five previous occasions, Kenya winning two, but losing three. Their last encounter was at the 8 Nations tournament in Lahore where Kenya lost 0 – 2.  

West Germany who had won both their earlier pool matches, scoring nine goals, only needed a draw in their remaining two matches to qualify for the semi-finals.
Kenya on the other hand lost both their opening games and had not scored a goal in the tournament yet.

Kenya made a couple of technical changes to their forward line up for this crucial match. Jagjit Kular, who had limped off in the match against India the previous day, was fit again and he was moved to centre forward position. 17 years old, Brajinder Daved was called up to play as inside right with 19 years old Ravinder Laly playing as inside left.

Jagjit Kular, gave Kenya the lead in the 20th minute when he converted Leo Fernandes’ cross from the right wing. This settled Kenya’s nerves, taking them to a 1 – 0 lead at half time. Kenya’s captain Avtar Sohal increased the lead from a penalty corner in the 49th minute. In the dying minutes of the match, Davinder Deegan scored Kenya’s third goal.   

Brajinder Daved, Kenya team’s youngest players, recalls when selected to play against Germany “it was my first ever trip to Europe – it felt like a dream coming true by playing in such a prestigious tournament”.

France defeated Argentina 1 – 0 in the other Pool A match.

In Pool B, Holland defeated Australia 1 – 0 and Spain defeated Pakistan 3 – 2.

Day 5 – Tuesday 19 October 1971.

At the start of Day 5, the last day of the Pool matches, only India from Pool A were the only team to have had already qualified for the semi-finals. France had played all their four matches and was on 4 points. Pakistan in Pool B had also played their four matches and was on 5 points.

In the first match of the day, at 10am in the morning, Holland, who were on 4 points from three matches, were favourites to beat Japan, who were bottom of their table. However, Japan won 1 – 0 with a Penalty corner goal by Toshiaki Ichinose in the 65th minute and knocked Holland out of a semi-final position. Holland’s loss meant that Pakistan were through to the semi-finals.

The second match of the day was Kenya’s last pool match was against Argentina, No 1 team from America. Kenya and Argentina had played only once before, at Mexico 1968 Olympic Games where Kenya won 2 – 1.

Kenya needed a win to have any chance of a place in the semi-finals. Ravinder Laly settled his team’s nerves with a goal in the 18th minute to give his team a 1 – 0 lead at half time. Tarlochan Channa increased the lead in the 62nd minute to give Kenya a comfortable win and then wait for the last match of the day, at 14.35 pm between India and West Germany.

In the third match, a Pool B match, Australia defeated Spain 1 - 0 with a penalty stroke goal by Don Smart in the 53rd minute. Spain had, however, qualified for the semi-finals following Holland’s loss in the first match of the day.

India defeated West Germany, who only needed a draw to qualify for the semi-finals, 1 – 0 through a Kulwant Singh goal in the 47th minute.

At the end of the day, West Germany, Kenya and France were all tied on 4 points each in Pool A.  West Germany and Kenya, who had better goal-difference, had to play a play-off match for 2nd and third place in Pool A, on the rest day, to decide which team progressed to the semi-finals.

Davinder Deegan recalls “During dinner, after our win against Argentina, we celebrated Diwali. The Indian team were also celebrating. Our spirits were high and we were ready for the pool play-off match against Germany the following day.”

Avtar Sohal recalls “We tied on points with Germany and had to play them again for the semi-final. We assembled for dinner and requested our officials through our team doctor to allow our team to have a glass of wine each and we cheered loudly to show the Germany team that we were ready for them for the morning’s crucial game against them. The German team were sitting on the table next to ours. Our moral and spirits were very high leading to the morning’s match”.

Day 6 – Wednesday 20 October 1971.


Kenya team after defeating West Germany in the pool play-off match. Photo: Avtar Singh Sohal collection


This was the second time in three years that Kenya was in a play-off match to decide which team progressed to the semi-final of a major tournament. At Mexico 1968 Olympic Games Kenya lost 2 – 3 to Australia in the Pool B play-off match.

The Kenya line-up included Surjeet Panesar, Harvinder Marwa, Leo Fernandes and Santokh Matharu who had played in the Mexico play-off match against Australia three years ago.

Kenya had a psychological advantage going into this play-off match having defeated West Germany 3 – 0 two days earlier in their pool match. In a tension packed match, Michael Peter gave the Germans the lead from a penalty stroke in the 38th minute. Two superb penalty corner strikes by Kenyan Captain Avtar Sohal within a space of three minutes (59 minutes & 62 minutes) put Kenya through to the semi-finals of the World Cup.

This was a remarkable achievement and comeback by Kenya, the East African champions after losing their opening two matches.

Brajinder Daved recalls “After winning the pool playoff match with Germany most of the senior payers were in tears and being so young I did not understand why – it transpired that they were tears of joy as we had just qualified for the semi final of the world cup!”

Kenya’s Minister for Co-operatives and Social Services, Musembi Mbathi, who is responsible for sports in the Republic of Kenya sent a telegram to the Kenya hockey team congratulating them on their success in the World Cup.

The telegram read: “The Government and people of Kenya are thrilled and proud to hear of your success on Kenyatta Day and entry into the semi-finals. Congratulations and wish you the best of luck”.

Day 7 – Thursday 21 October 1971.

Kenya had a Rest Day on Day 7, having played matches on 5 consecutive days (the only team to do so in the tournament). The match schedule was intense. Two classification matches were played in Tarrasa.

Day 8 – Friday 22 October 1971.

Both the semi-final matches were played in Tarrasa on Friday 22 October 1971, day 8 of the tournament.

Jagmel Rooprai recalls “the travelling time to the venue took us two and a half hours”

The first semi-final, India v Pakistan was played at 12.30pm. Rajwinder Singh gave India the lead at half time when he scored a goal in the 31st minute. Abdul Rashid equalised in the 39th minute and Munawar – uz – Zaman scored Pakistan’s winner from a penalty corner in the 57th minute.

The second semi-final, Spain v Kenya was played at 2.30pm in front of a crowd of 7,000.



Kenya team that played against Spain in the semi-finals. Photo Surjit Singh Rihal collection

Kenya and Spain had played against each other on three previous occasions, Kenya winning one and losing two. At their last encounter, at Mexico 1968 Olympic Games, Spain beat Kenya 2 – 1.

The match went into extra time and Jorge Fabregas scored the Spanish winner in the last moments of extra time.

Brajinder Daved recalls “The semi-finals got moved to Terrassa which is in the hills and about 25 miles from Barcelona. The pitch had been watered to slow our team down as the Real Club de Polo pitches were fast and suited our style of play. We lost 1 - 0 to Spain in our semi-final and I felt devastated because we did not make it to the final”.

Day 9 – Saturday 23 October 1971.

Seventh match on day 9 was against India for the Bronze medal. Kenya had lost 0 – 2 to India in their Pool A match.

Rajwinder Singh gave India an early lead when he scored in the 14th minute. Kenya captain equalised in the second half from a penalty corner strike in the 58th minute taking the match into extra time. M P Ganesh scored India’s winning goal in the 89th minute.

Brajinder Daved recalls “In our bronze medal match with India my strike from a short corner rebound hit an Indian player on the goal line – we appealed for a penalty and were denied. Whilst we were appealing India started the game and went on to score the winning goal – devastated again. Luck and umpiring decisions did not go our way and we came away without a medal. So near yet so far has stayed with me ever since then”.

Teams:

Kenya: Amarjeet Marwa, Surjeet Panesar, Avtar Sohal (capt), Santokh Matharu, Surjit Rihal, Resham Bains, Davinder Deegan, Harvinder Marwa (Saggia Hezron), Jagjit Kular, Barjinder Daved,   Ravinder Laly.

India: C Pereira, Baldev Singh, Vinod Kumar, P Krishnamurthy, Ajitpal Singh (capt), Harmik Singh, M P Ganesh, Ashok Kumar, Rajvinder Singh, Francis D’Mello, Harcharan Singh.

Day 10 – Sundy 24 October 1971.


Pakistan won the World Cup, defeating Spain 1-0 in the final.

The closing ceremony took place immediately after the final.

The Final standings were 1. Pakistan; 2. Spain; 3. India; 4. Kenya; 5. West Germany; 6. Holland; 7. France; 8. Australia; 9. Japan; 10. Argentina.

On the return journey home, the team stopped over in London. They played one match against Wales in Cardiff on Wednesday 27 October 1971, which they lost 0 – 1 and one match in Coventry at Coventry and North Warwick Club on Sunday 31 October 1971 and arrived back in Nairobi on 9th November 1971.

The win against Germany, twice in a space of three days, and a semi-final place in the World Cup is Kenya’s best position in a F.I.H. world event to date. Kenya played in one more World Cup, in Amsterdam in 1973 where they finished last (12th). Kenya is currently ranked 52nd in the F. I. H. World ranking list (13.04.2021).

Germany, on the other hand, went on to become Olympic Champions the following year at Munich. They followed this success with three more Olympic Golds (Barcelona 1992; Beijing 2008 and London 2012). Germany is currently ranked 3rd in the F. I. H. World ranking list.

Argentina, the only other team Kenya defeated in the pool match of the World Cup are the current Olympic Champions and ranked 6th in the F. I. H. World ranking list.  



Kenya players celebrating Diwali during the World Cup. Photo: Davinder Singh Deegan

Legacy: After the Barcelona World Cup, where did the player’s hockey careers end up and where are the players today, 50 years on?



Kenya players from left to right at a reunion in London in April 2018: Amarjeet Marwa; Surjeet Panesar; Surjit Rihal; Harvinder Marwa; Davinder Deegan; Ravinder Laly. Photo: Dil Bahra / Sikhs in Hockey

1. Amarjeet Singh Marwa: after Barcelona World Cup, Amarjeet played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his second Olympic Games. He played at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He was selected for Montreal 1976 Olympic Games which Kenya, together with other African Nations, boycotted, at the last minute, for political reasons. He emigrated to the UK and resides there. 
      
2. Surjeet Singh Panesar: after the Barcelona World Cup, Surjeet played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his fourth Olympic Games. He retired from playing international hockey after Munich Olympics. He died in Nairobi, Kenya on 6 November 2019 aged 81.

3. Avtar Singh Sohal (captain): after the Barcelona World Cup, Avtar captained Kenya at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his fourth Olympic Games. He retired from playing international hockey after Munich Olympics and took up coaching. He was Kenya’s Coach from 1978 to 1988. He was Kenya’s Coach at Los Angeles 1984 Olympic Games. He also took up Umpiring and was awarded his FIH international Umpires badge in 1980. He was on the FIH Development and Coaching Committee in 1988 and was a Judge at Seoul 1988 Olympic Games. He still resides in Nairobi, Kenya. 
 
4. Santokh Singh Matharu: Santokh retired from playing international hockey after the Barcelona World Cup. He died in Nairobi, Kenya on 21 July 2011 aged 69.

5. Surjit Singh Rihal: after Barcelona World Cup, Surjit played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games. He was Kenya captain from 1973 to 1981 and captained the team at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He was selected as captain for the Kenya team for Montreal 1976 Olympic Games which Kenya, together with other African Nations, boycotted, at the last minute, for political reasons. He took up umpiring and coaching after retiring from playing international hockey in 1981. He was Assistant Manager / Coach at Los Angeles Olympic Games.  He resides in the U.K.       

6. Resham Singh Bains: after Barcelona World Cup, Resham played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games. He retired from playing international hockey after Munich Olympics and took up umpiring. He umpired at the London 1986 World Cup and the Junior World Cup in Kuala Lumpur in 1986. He was a Committee member of the FIH Umpiring committee from 2003 to 2005, Vice Chairman of African Hockey Federation and an executive Board member of National Olympic Committee of Kenya. He was the Chairman of Kenya Hockey Union from 2005 – 2013. He still resides in Nairobi, Kenya.

7. Leo Fernandes: after Barcelona World Cup, Leo went on to represent Kenya at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his third Olympics. He retired from playing international hockey and emigrated to Canada where he still resides.

8. Jagjit Singh Kular: after the Barcelona World Cup, Jagjit played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his second Olympic Games. He played at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup and later that year immigrated to Canada. He died in Toronto, Canada on 12 June 2017 aged 75.

9. Davinder Singh Deegan: after Barcelona World Cup, Davinder played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his second Olympic Games. He played at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He was selected for Montreal 1976 Olympic Games which Kenya, together with other African Nations, boycotted, at the last minute, for political reasons. He emigrated to the UK in 1979. He resides in the U.K.   
   
10. Ravinder Singh Laly: after the Barcelona World Cup, Ravinder was selected to represent Kenya at Munich 1972 Olympic Games but was dropped from the squad for citizenship reasons days before the squad departed for the Olympics. He immigrated to the UK in 1972 and played club hockey at the highest level, firstly with Havant Hockey Club in Portsmouth and then with Slough Hockey Club, winning the National indoor championship and the European Cup Winners Cup with the Club. He is currently the President of Slough Hockey Club and still plays Masters hockey.

11. Tarlochan Singh Channa: after Barcelona World Cup, Tarochan played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games. He played at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He was selected for Montreal 1976 Olympic Games which Kenya, together with other African Nations, boycotted, at the last minute, for political reasons. He still resides in Nairobi, Kenya.

12. Shabir Bhatti: after Barcelona World Cup, Shabir played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games. He played at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He was selected for Montreal 1976 Olympic Games which Kenya, together with other African Nations, boycotted, at the last minute, for political reasons. He still resides in Nairobi, Kenya.

13. Jagmel Singh Rooprai: after Barcelona World Cup, Jagmel played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his second Olympics. He played at Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He emigrated to the UK in 2001. He resides in the UK.

14. Harvinder Singh Marwa: after Barcelona World Cup, Harvinder played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games, his second Olympic Games. He was selected for the Amsterdam 1973 World Cup but injury just before the tournament started forced him to drop out. He retired from playing international hockey after that. He emigrated to the UK and resides in the UK.

15. Saggia Hezron: No updates available at time of writing.

16. Brajinder Daved: after Barcelona World Cup, Brajinder played at Munich 1972 Olympic Games. He played at the Amsterdam 1973 World Cup. He was selected for the Kenya team for Montreal 1976 Olympic Games which Kenya, together with other African Nations, boycotted, at the last minute, for political reasons. He played in the 1974 Africa Cup of Nations and was captain at the 1983 Africa Cup of Nations. He was Kenya’s captain at 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games. He came to study to the UK in 1974 and played club hockey at the highest level with Bedfordshire Eagles and Slough Hockey Club with whom he won the UK National Indoor and Outdoor Championships including The European Cup Winners Cup. He also won numerous county championships with Middlesex County. He resides in the UK.

Sikhs in Hockey

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